GEOG 102 Lecture 1: geog intro chapter

70 views6 pages
Intro Chapter
A World of Maps
Geography is the science that studies the relationship and interdependencies between
natural systems, geographic areas, society, and cultural activities over space
Mental Maps
The Map Revolution
Cartography- the making of maps
o Remote sensing- scanner and cameras on satellites send information to
computers on earth
o Geographic information system (GIS)- programs allow presentation and
analysis of spatial data
Relationships between human societies and natural (physical) environment
o Humans transforming natural surroundings
o Humans dependent on natural environment and behavior is a product of that
dependence
Intersection of social and natural sciences and integrated perspectives from both
o Natural, environment, physical hard sciences
o Human, social, cultural soft sciences
The Cultural Landscape
o We can’t live without the planet and the planet modifies us
Spatial Patterns
Geographic space = the distance between places
Knowledge of location & distribution of significant features of Earth’s surface
Temporal (historical) perspective
5 Themes of Geography
o Location
o Region
o Place
o Movement
o Human-environment
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Intro Chapter
scale = relationship between distance on map and distance on ground expressed as ratio
o 1: 103,000,000 is a small-scale map compared to 1: 1,000,000 because it covers more
ground
o
a small scaled map shows a larger area and a large scaled map shows a smaller area in
more detail
Geographic Realms global regions possessing particular combinations of environmental,
cultural, and other organizational properties
o physical and human
o functional - interaction of human societies and natural environments
o historical - interaction over time
Realms
o regional concept - system of spatial classification of earth using some specific criteria
o region - an area on earth that is classified together by making spatial generalizations
Criteria for Regions
o area - space occupied on earth’s surface
o boundaries - natures sharp divisions or other not-so-sharp criteria
o locations - regions name may give a clue
o absolute location - latitudinal and longitudinal coordinates
o relative location - location with reference to other regions
o homogeneity - sameness
o formal regions - display measurable and visible homogeneity
o regions as systems - functional integration (the way they work)
o functional region - forged by a structured system of interaction with a core and
periphery
o often urban-centered
Regions Within Realms
interconnections
o all human regions are interconnected
o tension between Globalization & Local Diversity
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 6 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.