GEOG 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Fertile Crescent, Geopolitics, Al-Qaeda

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Chapter Six
North Africa and Southwest Asia
Major Geographical Qualities
Several of world’s greater ancient civilizations
Culture hearths ideas and innovations that changed world
Source of three world religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam (all acknowledge
same God)
Islam transformed and united area from Europe to SE Asia and Russia to E Africa
Climate
B Climates dominate
Populations cluster near water
o Rivers Nile and Tigris-Euphrates, coastal areas, and desert oases
Competition for limited water
Naming the Realm
Mesopotamia
Fertile crescent
The “Middle East”?
Reflects Western bias
o Near East Turkey
o Middle East Egypt, Arabia and Iraq
o Far East China and Japan
An “Arab World”?
People who speak Arabic and related languages
o Mauritania to Arabian Peninsula, Syria, and Iraq
Non-Arab States Turkey, Iran, and Israel
An “Islamic World”?
Muhammad (571-632 AD)
o Born in Arabian Peninsula
Islam spread across realm and across the world
o Europe, Africa, Asia, India, Indonesia
Christian minorities
Judaism
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