GEOG 102 Lecture 6: geog chapter 5

31 views5 pages
Chapter Five
Russia & Central Asia
Major Geographic Qualities
Largest territorial state
Northernmost large and populous country
Stretches west to east some 10,00 km (6,000 mi) and covers 9 time zones
Major colonial power Czars and Soviets
Comparatively small population, heavily concentrated in west
Development concentrated west of the Ural Mountains
Multicultural state
Emerging economy high dependent on exports of oil and gas
Physical Geography
The Russian Plains
o Core Area
Moscow
Volga River (drains the Russian Plains)
o “Heartland” of Eurasian landmass
Siberia
o West Siberian Plain
World’s largest unbroken lowland
Ob River flows north (drains the area to the east of the Ural
Mountains)
o Central Siberia Plateau
High relief, sparsely populated
Yenisey and Lena Rivers
o Eastern Highlands
Kamchatka and Sakhalin
o Pacific Ring of Fire
Volcanoes and earthquakes
o Sakhalin Island conflict with Japan
o Major oil and gas reserves
The Southern Perimeter
o Central Asian Ranges
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Chapter Five
Lake Baykal deepest lake on earth
o Caucasus Mountains between Black and Caspian Seas
Climate
Harsh Environments
St. Petersburg lies at same latitude as southern tip of Greenland
Winters long, dark, bitterly cold
Summers short and growing season limited
Continentality inland climate remote from moderating effect of oceans
Permafrost water in ground is permanently frozen
Taiga “snow forests” – boreal forest dominated by coniferous trees
E Climates artic latitudes
o Tundra mosses, lichens, patches of low grass and hardy shrubs
Climate Change and Arctic Prospects
Long-term melting of Artic ice might:
shrink areas of permafrost, expand arable land and increase agricultural options
keep Artic ports open longer in fall or year-round
Russia’s Changing Human Geography
A Shrinking Population
more deaths than births and immigrants
male life expectancy dropped from 71 years in 1991 to 65 years in 2013
o alcoholism, AIDS, heavy smoking, suicide, accidents, murder
Expansion: Building the Russian Empire
Grand Dutch of Muscovy
14th to 15th century
o from Baltic to Black Sea
o ties with Eastern Orthodox Church in Constantinople
16th century
o Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible)
o Major imperial power
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.