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Lecture 13

HLTH 101 Lecture 13: STI 2

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Towson University
Health Science
HLTH 101
Krish Vaidya

Transmission Syphilis is passed from open lesions during penile vaginal, oralgenital, oralanal, or genitalanal contact Symptoms Primary stage: Painless chancre at site where bacterium entered body Secondary Stage: Chancre disappears, and generalized skin rash appears Latent Stage: There may be no visible symptoms Tertiary Stage: Heart failure, blindness, mental disturbance, and more; death may result Treatments Benzathine penicillin G, doxycycline, erythromycin, or ceftriaxone Human Papillomavirus Genital human papillomavirus (also called HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI). There are more than 40 HPV types that can infect the genital areas of males and females These HPV types can also infect the mouth and throat Most people who become infected with HPV do not even know they have it HPV is not the same as herpes or HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) These are all viruses that can be passed on during sex, but they cause different symptoms and health problems Transmission HPV is passed on through genital contact, most often during vaginal and anal sex. HPV may also be passed on during oral sex and genital to genital contact HPV can be passed on between straight and same sex partners even when the infected partner has no signs or symptoms Symptoms Genital warts usually appear as a small bump or groups of bumps in the genital area They can be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower RRP causes warts to grow in the throat It can sometimes block the airway, causing a hoarse voice or troubled breathing Treatments There is no treatment fro the virus itself, but there are treatments for the diseases that HPV can cause Visible genital warts can be removed by the patient him or herself with medications They can also be treated by a healthcare provider Some people choose not to treat warts, but to see if they disappear on their own. No one treatment is better than another
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