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CD-0068 (19)
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Peer Relations .docx

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Department
Child Development
Course
CD-0068
Professor
Tama Leventhal
Semester
Fall

Description
Peer Relations (Guest Lecturer) 04/15/2014 What Predicts Popularity? Social skills Act appropriate in the eyes of peers  Meet needs of others Confidence  Measuring Popularity: Sociometric Assessment  Youth asked to nominate peers liked and disliked Social impact vs. social preference Social impact: positive and negative nominations (how well known, not how well liked) Social preference: subtract number of negative nominations from positive nominations (how well liked) Where different groups fall: Popular kids are high social impact and high social preference  Rejected kids are high social impact and low social preference Neglected are low social impact and low social preference (not known) Controversial kids (5%) are high social impact and neutral social preference  Average kids (33%) range across the middle  Sociometric Popularity vs. Perceived Popularity Design th th Longitudinal study from 5  to 10  grade  Popularity  Sociometric ratings Perceived popularity: “who is popular” Results th 5  grade Sociometric popularity positively related to perceived popularity th By 10  grade Girls: sociometric popularity negatively related to perceived popularity Boys: sociometric popularity positively related to perceived popularity  Sociometric vs. Perceived Popularity: What it Really Means to Be Popular Similarities Physically attractive Athletic/muscular body type High social competence, prosocial Differences Perceived popularity Related to aggression  Viewed as socially central and emulated Sociometric Low aggression Well­liked: many close and intimate relationships Aggression and Popularity Relational aggression (Crick) Harm though manipulation of reputation Indirect or psychological form of aggression Function is to maintain status Gender differences: girls are more often the victims of relational regression and more distressed by it  Unpopular Adolescents  Neglected (withdrawn) Rejected  Aggressive Bullies Long term
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