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FAH-0015 (5)

Shinden Zukuri Fujiwara Mansion 2-28

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Tufts University
History of Art
Ikumi Kaminishi

Hare & Ke • Diagonal line; asymmetry • Dairi: ⿞Shinden style ("residential hall" style) = Seiryoden (sleeping quarter) ⿞Shishinden: gate, enclosure, open court ⿞Behind Seiryoden and Shishinden: other buildings (for servants, etc.) ⿞Garden in the eastern part ⿞Notice the orientation: Shishinden and Seiryoden in the south; garden in the east • Seiryoden interior becomes the prototype of shinden style interior Shinden Interior in The Illustrated Tale of Genji, early 12th century • The Tale of Genji (early 11th century): world's oldest fiction • Fujiwara Michinaga: one of the high ranking courtiers ⿞His daughter Shoshi marries an emperor ‣ Murasaki Sikibu, a lady-in-waiting for Michinaga's daughter (and the author of the Tale of Genji): one of the high ranking women in the household • The scene: Genji visiting a sick friend who had an affair with one of Genji's wives; the friend confessing to Genji ⿞Features of an aristocratic house: bamboo blinds (misu), curtain on curtain stand (kicho), folding screen (byobu) • The first scene: Genji sitting outside the room, and ladies-in-waiting inside the room, deep in conversation ⿞Sliding door: wooden, unpainted ⿞Sliding screen (fusuma): painting on paper, and attached onto the screens • The next scene: Genji playing banjo-like musical instrument for one of his ladies ⿞Floor-raised (no basement) ⿞Fancy railing on the veranda (engawa) ⿞Bamboo blinds (misu) ⿞Tatami mats A Model Example of a shinden Interior • A typical noble/upper class house ⿞Kyoto at a given time had only about 350 upper class people • Moya, hisashi • First group: ⿞Hurdle veranda (engawa) ⿞Railing • Second group: ⿞Sliding (painted) screens (fusuma) ⿞Sliding wooden doors (tsumado) ⿞Bamboo blinds (misu) ⿞Coffered window (shitomido): fixed • Third group: can be moved and create another space; no need to store them ⿞Folding screen (byobu): more fixed than kicho (I'm going to eat/read vs. I want to block cold air) ‣ Both portable nonetheless ⿞Curtain on a stand (kicho): very Heian; non-extant anymore ⿞Tatami mats • Think about fixed vs. unfixed & portable vs. un-portable • Curtain signifies that they are "not listening": interesting concept • Misu (bamboo curtain): right behind the shitomido • Shitomido (hinged coffered shutters/ windows): ⿞Can be opened (the upper part upward and the down part out) ⿞Two hinges catch onto the ceiling part and hang in a L shape • Tsumado (hinge wooden doors) • Fusuma (painted sliding doors): door on wooden railing; open and close that way Shinden ("residential hall") Mansion Complex • Best direction for the garden: south ⿞Courtiers decided to move the garden from the eastern part (as in Dairi) to the southern part • Ex. The Higashi Sanjo Palace (969) ⿞Fujiwara no Kaneie's (the head of the government in the mid-10th c.) ⿞A private mansion • On the Kyoto grid plan, if you're high ranked, given one block (very ideal case) • But even better, Kaneie given four blocks (this palace occupies all four blocks) • Has a man-made lake and islands (which are connect
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