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Lecture 2

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Department
Political Science
Course
PS-0061
Professor
Malik Mufti
Semester
Spring

Description
Lecture 2 Ibn Khaldun Intro to His Life • ­60 years old, born in Tunis, family was in politics, statesmen • ­Name means son of Khaldun • ­Active political figure, Religious judge, combined state and religion • ­1375, took refuge in a castle in N. Africa for 3 years, began writing huge epic,  Muqaddima, introduction to history • ­Settled in Cairo Muqaddima • ­Both him and Thucydides talk about the veracity of history o ­Partisanship to traditions make people believe whatever o ­Leads to falsehood in history o ­Blind acceptance of beliefs  ­Willingness to accept stories without validating it  ­Can’t trust anything  ­He won’t do the same, even though a religious judge in religious  time  ­His history will be different from other histories  ­His realism, not going by authority, going to subject every piece  of history  ­Central theme is culture   ­Primitive culture and advanced culture  ­Compares the two  ­Civilization is advanced culture  ­Spends a lot of time criticizing advanced culture, and praises  primitive culture  ­Thinks that advanced culture is better, people realize their best  potential  ­Distinguishing feature is ability to think, maximizing that ability  is the ultimate end of human beings  ­Products are arts and sciences and crafts that constitute  civilizations  ­Reach highest potential in advanced culture  ­People need to live together, but need a restraining influence  because human nature inclines towards evil.  ­Inclined to attack each other  ­Arabic quote, everyone is bad, something makes you act good  ­Religion is effective because it is intern
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