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Lecture 3

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Department
Political Science
Course
PS-0061
Professor
Malik Mufti
Semester
Spring

Description
Lecture 3 Thucydides focuses on the real causes of political behavior • Similar as Khaldun, but from an Islamic point of view • Beginnings of realism • Natural human behavior, human tribes drive and shape political behavior, leads to  aggressive behavior • Norm is conflict, not cooperation • The result is the desire to gain more and grow your empire Peloponnesian War • Background was Persian Wars, Athens become very powerful afterwards • Athens formed Delian League, collective security regime o Moved from collective security to the dominance of Athens over all • Sparta was already more powerful, but feels threatened by Athens emerging  power • Basis of the Pelo. War • Athens tries to figure out to approach Sparta • In Athens, conflicts between rich aristocrats and the commoners • War faction was democratic faction and the anti­war faction were the aristocrats • Wars are dangerous things, more you have, more you risk losing o Allows for new leaders to emerge • Cledns were democratic and warlike, Thuc • Pericles came to power in 461  • Hellenic Empire never had a common identity, no one felt the same Thucydides • Book 1, Thucy. And Athenians wrote the history of the war  o Who is better? Athens or Sparta o Sides with Athens o Says that it will be a great war and more important than any ot
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