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Lecture 7

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Department
Political Science
Course
PS-0061
Professor
Malik Mufti
Semester
Spring

Description
Lecture 7 Realism • Machiavelli o Insistence of looking at what people actually do, not what they should do  Looks specifically at history o Understands that glory and dominance drive people  There are no constraints or any moral code  There is virtue, being good at something, skill is important, no  justice o Introduces science and techniques, change from old world to new world o Italian • Hobbes o Famous for depiction as political life as nasty and dim and short o Human nature is driven by fear and greed  Will try and take whatever they can o Lived during intense religious warfare and wanted to avoid war o Domestic peace is created by absolute obligation  To give up all rights and have a dictator who tries to protect  national safety o Advances over Mach. Because he tries to create a peace zone, without  anarchy • Rousseau o Human nature is generally bad o Aggression is exaggerated through civilization and social interaction o Role of the state is through education, to transform human nature through  nationalism, for greater good o Fear or concern that human beings left alone with attack each other o Finite amount of love that actors are capable of o Closer you are to your country, more hostile towards other nations • Criticism o Ends don’t justify the means o There is law, right and wrong, there is religion Idealism/Liberalism • Grotius o One of first authors on books on international law o Privacy of states in international politics o Natural law, feel in our hearts right and wrong  Realists don’t believe in this o Peace is secured through this belief • Kant, German philosopher o All we have is an essay, “Perpetual Peace” o Everything stems from individual reason o Individual liberty is opposition to government, freedom is from the state o Republics are b
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