Came out of ww1 as rising great power. Policy of aggressive expansionism through military conquest in far east. Needed oil & other natural resources to support growth: had to acquire resources through expansionism. Japan concerned about economic strangulation by the west o o. Began on oct 24, 1929 (black thursday) o o. Fdr & new deal change/expand government role. Allowed nazi party to gain traction: hitler on a platform of economic reform, used war as political tool. Played huge background role in ww2 buildup. Germans realize: they don"t have to defeat their adversaries, they just have to prevent an alliance from forming against them. Chain-ganging: when states are dragged into war by reckless allies o. Buck-passing: when states allow others to bear the burden of halting the rise of a state that threatens to achieve hegemony o. Paired up with belgium, poland, little entente: decided it couldn"t rely on alliances, built the maginot line.