Ir 2. 10. 14 experiments in authoritarianism and fascism: within two decades of versailles, democracy collapsed & various forms of authoritarian government emerged. Spain portugal, italy and germany in all newly created states in central & eastern europe (except czechoslovakia: surge of authoritarianism most evident in triumph of totalitarian fascist movements in. Germany and italy: germany: powerful, dissatisfied, saddled with an ineffectual democracy, post-war berlin, establishment of german communist party, formation of freikorps, battle over reparations, german hyper-inflation, hitler exploits german resentment. Italians felt politicians let them down and did not provide them with what they promised at the beginning of the war. Soviet union appeasement: emerging great power (tremendous growth between 1917 and 1938, output equaled france, italy, japan, and britain combined) Peace in out time : only works if target is appeasable, not a state that has unlimited aims, lessons of munich still resonate today.