Class Notes, Nov. 6
Conformity Part 2
Obedience: behavior change produced by commands of authority
Taught from childhood to respect forms of leadership
Obedience necessary to maintain social order
Blind obedience – can be devastating
Who just “follows orders?”
Stanley Milgram’s obedience studies (at Yale)
measured the willingness of study participants to obey an authority figure who
instructed them to perform acts that conflicted with their personal conscience
three individuals: experimenter (authoritative), participant (“Teacher,” obeys
experimenter, confederate (“Learner”)
teacher taught word pairs to learner, then tested him, administered shock (increasing
15-volt intervals) for each incorrect word
Experimenter responses when participants wanted to stop the experiment
Please continue (or please go on).
The experiment requires that you continue.
It is absolutely essential that you continue.
You have no other choice; you must go on.
Psychiatrists, college students, and middle-class adults predict