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Attraction and Close Relationships #1.docx

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Tufts University
Jessica Remedios

PSY13, Oct. 23, 2013 Attraction and Close Relationships, Part 1 Class notes Need to belong: a pervasive drive to form and maintain lasting, positive and significant interpersonal relationships (Baumeister & Leary, 1995) • A fundamental human drive and motive We have built-in "sociostats" to help us achieve balance • Rats more likely to approach other rats after a period of isolation • Less likely to approach after a long period of contact Initial attraction: Whom do we love? • The proximity effect o Single best predictor of whether two people will begin a romantic relationship o College students (living in dorms or off-campus) were more likely to date those who lived in the same type of housing (Whitbeck & Hoyt, 1994) • Physical attractiveness o Beauty in the "eye of the beholder"  Standards vary across time and cultures  Successful people seen as more attractive (Rinolo et al., 2006) o Objective standards for beauty  People tend to agree on what is attractive regardless of their own appearances (Lee et al., 2008)  European men are attracted to "hourglass" figures, specifically women with 0.7 waist-to-hip ratios.  Women prefer tall, "V-shaped" men  "Averaged" faces are more attractive  Symmetrical faces also more attractive o Beautiful people are good  An analysis of the top-grossing films between 1940-1990 showed that attractive characters are depicted as virtuous (Smith et al., 1999)  Why does the stereotype endure? • "Telephone" study (Snyder, Tanke, & Berscheid, 1977) o Male participants were randomly assigned to female participants they did not know and received biographical sketches of their partners o IV: attractive or unattractive photo of female partner o DVs: Male participants' impressions of the female
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