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PSY-0013 (39)

Group Processes #1.docx

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Tufts University
Jessica Remedios

Class Notes, Nov. 11 Group Processes Part 1 Group: a set of individuals who interact over time and who have shared fate, goals, or identity groups do not equal the sum of their parts groups possess emergent properties Why join? Optimal distinctiveness theory Two core human motives – need to be unique, need to belong So we join groups to that emphasize our unique identities We’re loyal. Social identity theory Need to maintain positive self-concept Parts of our self-concept based on our group identities ingroups > outgroups Ingroup favoritism – preferential treatment for people in our group Tajfel wanted to examine the formation of in-group favoritism Goal – find out when people went from neutral to favored Failed study. Why? Minimal group effect – in-group favoritism occurs even when group membership is random The robber’s cave study Robber’s Cave State Park Ps: 22 white 11-year old boys All middle-class white Protestant two-parent Divided into two groups of 11 Stage 1. Formation of ingroup Groups kept separate, bonded by pursuing activities requiring cooperation for a week Stage 2. Competition 4-6 days series of competitive activities with trophy and individual prize awards Eagles showed much higher outgroup dislike, both showed outgroup dislike Stage 3. Co
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