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Lecture 8

LECTURE 8 - Architecture of the Industrial Revolution.docx

by OneClass377046 , Fall 2014
2 Pages
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Department
Architectural History
Course Code
AHST 1100
Professor
Scott Bernhard
Lecture
8

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LECTURE 8 - ARCHITECTURE OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
1851-1904
-“Crisis of language in architecture”  representing classical concepts with new technology
-1851: Changes made in Bibliotheque St. Genevieve put into a whole building…
Crystal Palace, London, by Bill Paxton
See: Kew Gardens, Palm House in London  use of poured glass (plate glass!)
-Smooth, clearer than ever before, cheaper too
-Mass production, economies of scale
-Steel frame mass produced  industrial precision and fast assembly
Paxton: Greenhouse master, built Crystal Palace to house industrial exhibition
-Super speedy, easy to take down and move
-Repetitious components
-Destroyed by fire - melting glass and metal
-Building kept warm via greenhouse effect
-Basilica shape: barrel vault arch, rose-ish window, throwback to gothic and classical styles
-Architects began building based on preference and ambience rather than exigency
-So luminous inside that they built around living existing trees
-Pre-assembled sections placed together  Paxton designed portions of construction too (built-in
tracks and carts for welding)
-Lots of classical reference on display within New Tech  separation between ideas of room and
content
Marshall Fields Wholesale Store, Chicago, by Henry Hobson Richardson (of RMH!) 1885-
1930
-Essentially a warehouse: reference to palazzo, but many floors
-Mass-produced steel interior
-No palazzo vibe inside, shifting contents
ELEMENTS OF NEW “SKYSCRAPER”
1) Steel Frame
2) High-speed elevator
3) Lightweight cladding  buildings clothed by something other than their structure
a. Usually glass & terra cotta, usually held by wires
4) Mass production
Monadnock Building, Chicago, by Daniel Burnham & Root, 1892
-Missing most elements of “new skyscraper”
-Among last load-bearing exterior masonry buildings
-Steel frame holding up inside of building, needs insulation to limit temperature changes
-Burnham: designed “lighted grid” city plan for Chicago
-Hugely thick walls at base, toying with thick-thin condition
-Interior: use of light, mass-produced, steel components
Reliance Building, Chicago, by Burnham & Root, 1893
-HAS skyscraper elements!
-Expression of how buildings would be made in “the future”?
-Interior plan: office spaces built with disregard to steel frame
-All walls moveable, columns only support  flexibility of enclosure
-Being on each floor essentially the same experience

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Description
LECTURE 8ARCHITECTURE OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION18511904Crisis of language in architecturerepresenting classical concepts with new technology1851 Changes made in Bibliotheque St Genevieve put into a whole building Crystal Palace London by Bill PaxtonSee Kew Gardens Palm House in Londonuse of poured glass plate glass Smooth clearer than ever before cheaper tooMass production economies of scaleSteel frame mass producedindustrial precision and fast assemblyPaxton Greenhouse master built Crystal Palace to house industrial exhibition Super speedy easy to take down and moveRepetitious componentsDestroyed by firemelting glass and metalBuilding kept warm via greenhouse effectBasilica shape barrel vault arch roseish window throwback to gothic and classical stylesArchitects began building based on preference and ambience rather than exigencySo luminous inside that they built around living existing trees Preassembled sections placed togetherPaxton designed portions of construction too builtin tracks and carts for weldingLots of classical reference on display within New Techseparation between ideas of room and
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