ANT 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: James George Frazer, Trobriand Islands, Research

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Most cultural anthropologists now gather data by doing fieldwork. Fieldwork: research in the field, which is any place where people and culture are found. Direct observation armchair anthropology: early cul- tural anthropologists conducted research by sitting and reading about other cultures. Sir edward tylor & sir james frazer - armchair anthropologists verandah anthropology: learning directly about the people of other cultures by travelling to colonized countries where they lived near but not with the people they were studying. Began in early twentieth century during ww1. Current cornerstone method in cultural anthropology: fieldwork combined with participant observation. participant observation is a research method for learning about culture that involves living in a culture for an extended period while gathering data. Took an innovative approach to learning about culture in the south pacific"s trobriand. Most famous book, argonauts of the western pacific. Key elements of participant observation: living with the people learning the language: participating in their everyday life.

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