Class Notes (835,243)
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CD 226 (3)
kucharski (3)
Lecture 1

CD 226 Lecture 1: Test 1 Study Guide

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Communicative Disorders
CD 226

Bloom and Laheys Defn of languagesociallyshared code or conventional system for representing concepts through the use of arbitrary symbols and rulegoverned combinations of those symbols socially agreed upon finite set of symbols to create infinite number of combinations 5 Components of Language: 1) Phonologystudy of the rules governing the organization of speech sounds; rules for combining sounds into words; phonemesmallest unit of sound that shows a change in meaning; deals with all things sound 2) Morphologystudy of the rules for the internal organization of words; morpheme is the smallest unit of meaning, can be bound or free 3) Syntaxrules that govern word combinations; rules of grammar; rules for word order and sentence organization 4) Semanticsrules governing the meaning of words word combinations; acquiring vocab 5) Pragmaticsrules for language USE rather than structure; ability to use language for many functions in many situations appropriately; study of language in context as a communication tool to achieve social ends Techniques for Language Sampling: 1) Show your interesteye contact; get down on their level; expressions and gestures; see where the childs attention is focused and be interested in that with them 2) Information talkbroadcasting childs actions; describing what yall are doing; dont demand a response; invites them to respond 3) Limit closed questionspurpose is not to get info from child but to get child talking; closed questions feel like a test and keep child from talking 4) Indirect Correctiondirect correction can sometimes send mixed messages, so indirect is better; basically repeat what the child said but the correct and complete way; allows child to feel successful in delivering information but they are still able to hear the correct form **Birth5 is most critical age in development **children learn language in everyday environmentseveryday conversations are like languagelaboratories! CommunicationBroad process of sending and receiving messages; includes encoding, transmitting, and decoding; basic model includes sender, message, channel, and receiver Speechsimply the oral expression of language; involves paralinguistic codes and suprasegmentals (intonation, stress, pitch) Metalinguisticsability to use language to talk about and analyze language; reading and writing require this awareness Utteranceexpression of meaning; can be calculated in MLU (mean length of utterance) Language development stems from a Biological basis and an Environmental basiswe are born prewired for language and have mechanisms in place to acquire it, but we
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