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Lecture 4

MGT 320 Lecture 4: MGT 320 Chapter 4 Notes

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MGT 320
Clint Hamner

MGT 320 Chapter 4 Notes The Leader as the Individual • Self-awareness: being conscious of the internal aspects of one’s nature, such as personality traits, emotions, values, attitudes, and perceptions, and appreciating how your patterns affect other people • Blind spots: characteristics or habits that people are not aware of or don’t recognize as problems but which limit their effectiveness and hinder their career success ➢ A mentor could help evaluate someone so they are aware of their blind spots • Big five personality dimensions (extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, openness to experience): the five general dimensions that describe personality – thinking, feeling, and behaving ➢ Extroversion: the degree to which a person is outgoing, sociable, talkative, and comfortable meeting and talking to new people ➢ Agreeableness: the degree to which a person is able to get along with other by being good-natured, cooperative, forgiving, compassionate, understanding, and trusting ➢ Conscientiousness: the degree to which a person is responsible, dependable, persistent, and achievement oriented o Someone you can count on ➢ Emotional stability: the degree to which a person is well adjusted, calm, and secure ➢ Openness to experience: the degree to which a person has a broad range of interests and is imaginative, creative, and willing to consider new ideas ➢ All 5 personality traits can make a good leader but openness to experience is not completely necessary • Locus of Control: defines whether a person places the primary responsibility for what happens to him or her within himself/herself or on outside forces ➢ Where someone focuses their responsibility – either internally or externally • Values (end vs. instrumental) ➢ Values: fundamental beliefs that an individual considers to be important, that are relatively stable over time, and that have an impact on attitudes and behavior o Capstone Creed, Personal Code of Ethics ➢ End values: sometimes called terminal values, these are beliefs about the kind of goals or outcomes that are worth trying to pursue  having a good life o Comfortable life, exciting life, freedom, inner harmony, national security, salvation, sense of accomplishment, true friendship, world of peace, equality, family security, health, mature love, pleasure, self- respect, social recognition, wisdom, world of beauty ➢ Instrumental values: beliefs about the types of behavior that are appropriate for reaching goals  how you go about making a good life o Honesty, • Theory X vs. Theory Y ➢ Theory X: the assumption that people are basically lazy and not motivated to work and that they have a natural tendency to avoid responsibility ➢ Theory Y: the assumption that people do not inherently dislike work and will c
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