Class Notes (1,100,000)
US (470,000)
UA (5,000)
PSC (100)
PSC 101 (20)
Lecture 1

PSC 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Social Contract


Department
Political Science
Course Code
PSC 101
Professor
Stephanie Paul
Lecture
1

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Democratic Origins
“Demos”- the people
“Kratein”- To rule
“A democracy is the government in the hands of men of low birht, no property, and
vulgar employment”--- Aristotle
Oligarchy/Aristocracy
Monarchy
-Athens
First and purest form of democracy
City-state 5th century BCE
Direct Democracy
All citizens meet and decide
Difficult to implement in large areas
Representative Democracy
Select representatives to act on behalf of citizens
Technology enhances participation
Benchmarks of Representative Democracy
Popular Sovereignty
Government leaders are selected in competitive elections
Elections are free and fair
People participate in the political process
Availability of information
Majority rules
Government policies reflect the wishes of the people
Government policies are effective
Political Equality
Equal protection
Civil rights
In what way is political equality linked to economic equality?
Important and key figures: Aristotle, John Locke, and Thomas Jefferson
Political Liberty
Social contract
Objections to Liberal Democracy
“Tyranny of the Majority”
People are irrational and icompetent
Political Hysteria
How does American Politics Work?
Organize main factors of political life:
Structure
Political linkage
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version