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Lecture 3

PSC 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Alexis De Tocqueville, Individualism


Department
Political Science
Course Code
PSC 101
Professor
Stephanie Paul
Lecture
3

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The American Political Culture
1. Freedom or Liberty
2. Equality
a. Equality of opportunity or equality of condition
3. Individualism
a. Alexis de Tocqueville Democracy in America, 1835
b. Individualism is “a calm and considered feeling which disposes each citizen to
isolate himself from the mass of his fellows and withdraw into the circle of family
and friends; with this little society formed to his taste, he gladly leaves the greater
society to look after itself” (506)
c. Self-reliance: “pull yourself up by your own bootstraps
d. Competition
e. Equality of opportunity
4. Democracy
a. “Ordinary people govern themselves and are capable of doing so”
5. The Rule of Law
6. Capitalism
a. Trade and industry are controlled by private owners, rather than the state
b. Different forms of capitalism
i. Degree of competition
ii. Role of intervention and regulation
iii. Scope of state-ownership
Immigrants as a Workforce
Labor Force Characteristics for the year 2015
26.3 million foreign born persons in the U.S. labor force, comprising 16.7% of the total
population
Hispanics accounted for 48.8% of the foreign-born labor force in 2015 and asians 24.1%
Unauthorized Immigration
Difficulty to estimate the exact numbers
Roughly 11 million
What are possible options to reduce unauthorized immigrants???
Policy options:
Deportation
Border protection
Pathway to citizenship
Refugee status
Two Executive Orders:
Wall
Ordered homeland secretary to take “steps to immediately plan, design,
and construct a physical wall along the southern border”
Questions of funding
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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