Class Notes (1,100,000)
US (470,000)
UA (5,000)
PSC (100)
PSC 101 (20)
Lecture 3

PSC 101 Lecture 3: Chapter 3 - Federalism: States and Nation

Political Science
Course Code
PSC 101
Mr. Joseph R Matheson

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 6 pages of the document.
September 3 + 5 + 10
PSC 101-008 Chapter 3 Notes - Federalism: States and Nation
Federalism - a system in which the government powers are divided
between state and central governments; neither government completely
controls the other. Key
part of US politics. Formed by
compromises. Not explicitly stated in the Constitution, but federalism
came about because of important clauses within the Constitution.
-Example: marijuana issue - US Controlled Substances Act of 1970
(which makes it illegal to possess or distribute marijuana) where you
live impacts the drug laws that you are subject to and who the
President is impacts how the laws are enforced
-The amount of autonomy that states have is constantly debated
-Helps form the foundation on which all US policy actions are built
Types of Political Systems:
Unitary System - most common, central government controls all
subunit governments i.e. China, Japan, Iran, France, Turkey
Federal System - central government and subunit governments
share power; membership is NOT voluntary in a federation
Confederal System - central government has no control over subunit
governments; membership is voluntary in a confederation. Example:
United Nations
*Federalism works for the US because of the massive size of the country,
the variety of economic activities, and distinctions in language, religion,
ethnicity, etc.
Federalist No. 10 - Madison, urged people of NY to support
Constitutional ratification, defended republican government
(federalism) for large states with diverse populations; also expressed
his fear of majorities and hatred of political parties
Supremacy Clause - the provision in Article VI
Federalism is embodied in the US Constitution by:
Powers expressly given to the national government
Powers expressly given to the states
The role given to the states in shaping and choosing national
officials and in amending the Constitution
Concurrent Powers - powers shared by states and national government:
Levy taxes, borrow and spend money for well-being and protection of
citizens. Enumerated powers are central government powers. Reserved
powers are for states.

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Supremacy Clause - puts
federal law over state law,
Article VI
Preemption - exclusion of
states from actions that might
interfere with federal authority
or statutes
Reservation Clause - 10th
Amendment, powers not given
to the federal government and
not prohibited are reserved for
the states and people
Police Powers - state
power; powers to protect the health, safety, and
well-being of the people
Role of the States in National Government
horizontal federalism - relationships between the states
full faith and credit clause - Article IV section I, states must
respect the public acts, laws, and judicial rulings of all other
Obergefell court case example
privileges and immunities clause - citizens rights (access to
courts, owning property, and protection by police) apply in all
interstate compacts - Article I section 10, agreements among
states to cooperate on solving mutual problems; requires
Congressional approval; helps prevent threatening coalitions
Nationalist Position - constitution created a system where the national
government is supreme fans of the elastic clause
States’ Rights Position - constitution created dual sovereignty/federalism;
proponents of dual federalism; not common recently, bigger push towards
federal government action
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version