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Lecture 8

PSC 101 Lecture 8: Chapter 8 - Social Movements


Department
Political Science
Course Code
PSC 101
Professor
Mr. Joseph R Matheson
Lecture
8

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October 10 + 15
PSC 101-008 Chapter 8 Notes - Social Movements
social movements - different from interest groups; shorter, less organized
than interest groups; loosely organized groups with large numbers of
people who use
unconventional and often disruptive tactics
to have their
grievances heard by the public, media, and government leaders
“The political instrument of political outsiders”
“Mass grassroots phenomena”
Often turn into interest groups
Women’s Suffrage Movement
Aim was to get women the right to vote
Nineteenth Amendment
Often used disruptive and unsettling tactics
Civil Rights Movement
civil disobedience - the nonviolent act of intentionally breaking
a law and accepting the consequences as a way to publicize
the unjust nature of the law
*Associated with the Civil Rights movement, their most
effective tool
Can motivate political elites and public to change their
opinion- lead to changes
The Women’s Movement (separate from suffrage movement)
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) -
proposed
amendment to the
US Constitution stating that the quality of rights shall not be
abridged on account of a person’s gender; failed to win
approval of the necessary number of states
Christian/Religious Right was instrumental in the defeat of the
ERA - shows how hard amending the Constitution is
The Religious Conservative Movement
Occurred many times over course of history
*Contemporary Religious Conservatives Movement - has
become very important in American politics, especially on the
issues of abortion, school prayer, educational curriculum, and
marriage equality.
The pro-life (anti-abortion) movement is part of this
larger religious conservative movement.
Its main objective is to end the legal availability of
abortion in the United States.
Roles of social movements in a democracy:
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