Class Notes (1,100,000)
US (470,000)
UA (5,000)
PSC (100)
PSC 101 (20)
Lecture 10

PSC 101 Lecture 10: Chapter 10 - Voting, Campaigns, & Elections


Department
Political Science
Course Code
PSC 101
Professor
Mr. Joseph R Matheson
Lecture
10

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
October 17 + 22
PSC 101-008 Chapter 10 Notes - Voting, Campaigns, & Elections
Evaluate three models of how elections can lead to popular control:
1. prospective voting model - theory of democratic elections in which
voters decide what each party will do if elected and choose the party
that best represents their own preferences
a. Theory assumes this model to work, each political party must
be unified, take clear policy positions,
citizens must
understand positions and vote accordingly
, the winning party
must implement the policies that in advocated while running
b. Cons: Responsible parties have the potential to increase the
frequency and intensity of political conflict, little reason to
compromise, gridlock if one party doesn’t win everything
2. electoral competition voting model - theory of elections in which
move toward the median voter or the center of the political
spectrum in order to capture the most votes; most popular position
a. median voter - the
voter at the exact
middle of political
spectrum; *if you win
the median voter, you
get a majority*
b. Theory assumes that
most voters are
ideologically centrist
c. Cons: pressures exist
that prevent parties
from becoming more
moderate
3. retrospective voting model/electoral reward and punishment model
- theory of elections in which voters look back at the performance of
a party in power and vote based on that; rewarding success of
parties
a. Cons: removes unpopular political leaders after disasters
happen, without guaranteeing that the next leaders will be any
better; encourage politicians to produce temporary results
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version