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Lecture 12

PSC 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Theodore Roosevelt, Emancipation Proclamation, Unitary Executive Theory


Department
Political Science
Course Code
PSC 101
Professor
Mr. Joseph R Matheson
Lecture
12

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November 12 + 14
PSC 101-008 Chapter 12 Notes - The Presidency
1. Trace expansion of the presidency
a. Dormant Presidency - George Washington to the end of the
19th century; the presidency did not dominate the political life
of the nation; role primarily thought of as just involving the
execution of the policies decided by Congress
i. Structural Factors
1. 20th century-US became a world power; involved in
military, diplomatic, and economic activities
around the globe → a simultaneous increase in the
power and responsibility of the president.
2. Economy became a corporate-dominated economy
with the addition of big banks → demand for more
government supervision of the economy
ii. Dormant Era Presidents
1. George Washington solidified the prestige of the
presidency, importance in foreign affairs.
2. Andrew Jackson helped transform the presidency
into a popular institution- opposition to the Bank
of the United States
3. Abraham Lincoln invoked emergency powers based
on his broad reading of the Constitution: he raised
and spent money and deployed troops on his own
initiative, with Congress acquiescing only
afterward; he temporarily suspended the right of
habeas corpus
and allowed civilians to be tried in
military courts; and he unilaterally freed the slaves
in the Confederate states by issuing the
Emancipation Proclamation justifying it as a war
measure under his commander-in-chief powers.
a. habeas corpus - legal doctrine that a person
who is elected must have a timely hearing
before a judge
iii. Dormant presidencies ended due to economic demands
b. 20th Century Transformation
i. Teddy Roosevelt often deployed troops as commander in
chief, acted as the nation’s chief diplomat, pushed for
regulation of new business corporations, by breaking up
trusts, and he established many national parks.
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