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Lecture 6

SOC 101 Lecture 6: SOC 101 - Ch 6

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University of Alabama
SOC 101

• Socialization: Process through which people learn their culture’s basic norms, values, beliefs and appropriate behaviors. • Agents of socialization: People or groups who teach us about our culture o For children, family is a big agent of socialization. As they grow, other agents take on important roles, like school, media, peers, workplace, religion. o Family: Plays a crucial role in early development of a child’s sense of identity. First teachers of gender roles. o School: Daycare, preschool or kindergarten is many children’s first extended experience with people and the world outside of their home. They learn to interact with others, be a part of a group. ▪ Hidden curriculum: Implicit lessons about how children should behave. Tend to teach them to be quiet, attentive, obey authority, follow rules, be respectful of others, take pride in their country, and encourage competition and individual achievement with sports/spelling bees. o Media: Today’s children and teens have been called “Generation M” because of their heavy use of media. US children between 8 and 18 spend 7.5 hours a day with media outside of school. 70% of kids now have a TV in their room; half have a video game system and 1/3 have a computer. o Peer groups: A group of people of comparable age, who share similar interests and social status. Adolescents usually become increasingly independent of their families and peer groups come in more. o Occupational socialization: The process of learning the informal norms associated with a type of employment. As you study/train, you’re picking up all sorts of cues. How to work with others. ▪ Pro-bono: free of charge work to learn the ropes o Religion: Socializing agent most explicitly focused on the teaching of values and beliefs. Used to have enormous influence but that’s declined a bit. o Total institutions: Confining social settings in which an authority regulates all aspects of a person’s life. Care for people who are harmless-Orphanages, nursing homes, care for people who represent an unintentional threat- psychiatric hospitals, protect a community from those whom authorities define as posing significant danger-jails, prisons, POW camps, pursue a specific task requiring total commitment of participants-boarding schools, military barracks, escapes or retreats from the world-monasteries, convents, communes. ▪ Resocialization: the process by which individuals replace old norms and behaviors with new ones as they move from one role or life stage to another. Socialization through the Life Course • Life-course perspective: Looks at how age, time and place shape identities and experiences over a lifetime • Rites of passage: Activities that mark and celebrate a change in a person’s social status • Anticipatory socialization: Process by which individuals practice for a future social role by adopting the norms or behaviors associated with a position they have not yet achieved. Children do this when they imitate and practice adult roles, playing with dolls like parents, playing school to pretend students or teachers. • Childhood: We view them as limited, physical condition. Other cultures/times think there wasn’t as much as a difference between children and adults. • Adolescence: Youth are nearing physical maturity, not children but not adults. Wasn’t seen as a distinct period of life until the early twentieth century. o Middle class teens could afford to not work full-time o School became more important, so they’d finish high school and maybe college o Since not working full-time, more leisure time and began to be consumers of youth-oriented products, eventually resulting in
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