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APY 107 (8)
Lecture

APY Extra Credit - Seminar.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
APY 107
Professor
Niki Bertrand

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Fanny Wong Professor Niki Bertrand APY 107 11 March 2014 The Strong and Hardworking Mangabeys and Pokomo In Professor Wieczkowski’s seminar, she talked about her most recent field research in 2011 about two endangered monkeys and helping conserve the habitat and also help the people who lived in the same habitat. In the seminar, she primarily focused on her research species, Tana River Mangabey. The other endangered species she mentioned was the Red Colobus, who was on the 25 most endangered species five consecutive times in a row for the past 10 years and served as an umbrella for the Mangabey. Both of these animals endangered for three reasons. The first reason was that they were found in low population number. The second reason was from the limited geographic distribution. The last reason was because both of them were facing habitat loss that was done by humans. The animals are dependent on forests and because of the poor environment; it could lead to the extinction of these animals. The habitat they live in is now called a riverine forest.After briefing us about the two monkeys, she presented us the two ethnic groups that were present. The first one, which was the one she primarily focused on, was The Pokomo. The Pokomo were fishermen and riverine agriculturalists and the reason they were the ethnic group that was focused more was because The Pokomo used forest products and engaged in slash and burn agriculture. The other ethnic group was The Wardei, who were nomadic pastoralists and they did not use forest products. Throughout the history with the Lower Tana River, there have been many broken promises and from these broken promises. Five major events were listed. In 1976, the National Reserve was gazette. From this incident, there were broken promises and ineffective management. Farmers were evicted from the national reserve and never compensated. In 1991, the PHVAconducted a statistical analysis of forest and the number of species that were in the forest and concluded that humans must leave the forest; therefore the people that live near the Tana River were forced to relocate. From 1996-2001, the World Bank Global Environment Facility Project started. The people who were in this project kicked the Pokomos out of their homes and put them 80 kilometers away, where the environment is completely different. In 2007, Kenya decided that the Reserve should be degazetted. Lastly, in 2009, PCCP found findings in their research in the Lower Tana River and Professor Wieczkowski played the quantitative role in the research. Some of the highlighted results were that the Pokomo we
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