CHE 121 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Urinary Tract Infection, Aldose, Blood Type

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22 Dec 2016
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__________ ( sugars and starches) are
polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. Stores
energy. Broken down to produce energy.
Plants produce the majority through
photosynthesis.
2) _____________ cannot be broken down
into smaller carbohydrates
3) Common carbohydrate glucose is a
______________
4) _________ consist of two
monosaccharide units joined together
5) _______________ contain 3 to 9
monosaccharide units. Blood typing groups
ABO are oligosaccharides.
6) _____________ contain 10 or more
saccharide units
7) Aldose contain an __________
8) Ketose contain a ___________
9 _______ contain three carbon atoms
10) _______ contain four carbon atoms
11) ___________ contain five carbon atoms
12) ___________ contain six carbon atoms
13) _______________ are sweet tasting,
but their relative sweetness varies a great
deal
14) Monosaccharides are water soluble or
water insoluble?
15) All carbohydrates except
dihydroxtacetone have how many chiral
groups?
1) Monosaccharides
2) Monosaccarides
3) Monosaccharide
4) Dissacharide
5) Oligosaccharide
6) Polysaccharide
7) Aldehyde
8) Ketone
9) Triose
10) Tetrose
11) Pentose
12) Hexose
13) Carbohydrates
14) Water soluble
15) One or more chiral group
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16) Prefix D is used when the OH- group
is drawn on the right or left side?
17) The prefix L is used when the OH- is
drawn on the right or left side?
18) All naturally occurring sugars are D
or L?
19) _________ ( ) is blood sugar
and most abundant monosaccharide
20) Insulin regulates __________ by
stimulating the uptake of glucose
into tissues or conversion into
___________
21) Patients with diabetes produce
insufficient __________
22) _____________ is one of the
components of the disaccharide
lactose
23) Patients with galactosemia lack
what? What does this cause?
24) ____________ is one component of
sucrose
25) Ketohexose found in:
26) _______ shown to be effective
against urinary tract infections.
27) A carbonyl group of an aldose ( on a
monosaccharide) is reduced to an
__________ using ____ and ____
28) Aledhyde can be oxidized to a
_______________ using _________
reagent
29) Benedit’s test is useful for
monitoring:
16) Right side
17) Left side
18) D sugars
19) Glucose ( dextrose)
20) blood glucose levels/ glycogen
21) insulin
22) Galactose
23) Lack the enzyme to metabolize
galactose. Causes cataracts and
cirrhosis
24) Fructose
25) Honey
26) Mannose
27) alcohol; H2 and Pb
28) Caroli aid using Benedit’s
reagent
29) diabetes
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