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Verbal Communications.docx

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COM 225
Bonnie Mc Cracken

Verbal Communications Monday, January 27, 2014 9:30 AM • Interpersonal com- dynamic form of communication between 2 or more people in which the messages influence their thoughts, emotions, behaviors, and relationship o Dynamic- constantly in motion, fluid, changing over time o Spontaneously created o Transactional- all communicators contributing to the meaning o Dyadic- involving pairs of people • Inter vs Intrapersonal o Intrapersonal Communication- communicating with yourself, self-talk, mental "conversation" • Inter vs Impersonal o Interpersonal comm enables you to connect with others in ways that are more meaningful than through interpersonal comm o I-Thou- embracing fundamental similarities that connect you to others, striving for empathy, communication that emphasize honesty and kindness (seeing uniqueness is people, Interpersonal) o I-It- regarding people as objects for use, dismissing others as inferior (Impersonal) • Why we communicate interpersonally (goals): o Self-presentation- desire to present yourself in a way that others perceive you to be a particular way o Instrumental- aims you want to achieve or tasks to accomplish through an interpersonal encounter o Relationship- building, maintaining, or terminating bonds with others Verbal Communication • Verbal comm- the exchange of spoken or written language during interactions • Characteristics o Language is: • Symbolic- we use symbols to represent items  Words are the primary symbols to represent people, objects, events, and ideas  Our internal program for encoding and decoding the symbols is set up by the language we use • Governed by rules- the meaning of words, arrangement of words into phrases and sentences, and order of exchange between people  Constitutive rules- meaning of words  Regulative rules- how we use language • Flexible  Idioms- words and phrases that have personal unique meaning • Cultural- used to bolster a sense of identity and connectedness  High-context- rely on indirect and ambiguous language to convey meaning (e.g. Chinese, Japanese, Koreans. Unoffensive)  Low-context- clear and direct (e.g. Americans, Germans) • Evolving- new words are added and/or constitutive rules shift (Ex. "Google", "selfie", etc.) o Why is language used? • Share meaning • Shapes thoughts and perceptions of reality • Naming
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