Class Notes (839,483)
United States (325,987)
LIN 207 (19)
Lecture 15

LIN 207 Lecture 15: Language, Culture, and Cognition Pt 2

3 Pages

Course Code
LIN 207
Abigael Candelas

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
COLOR TERMINOLOGIES(VIII) ▯ Agrillo & Roberson (2009)(revisiting B & L, 1954) claim that focal colors are not more memorable. ▯ They are, not easily perceivable under all circumstances, BUT are communicated faster and with fewer words ▯ Evidence points toward constraints in color terminologies that can’t be explained in linguistic terms ▯ But require reference to the vision faculty and higher cognitive processing of colors. MESOSPACE(I) ▯ “Spatial Language and Cognition in MesoAmerica” ▯ Project headed by J. Bohnemeyer (NSF grant #BCS-0723694) ▯ Investigates spatial semantics in 15 languages of MesoAmerica MESOSPACE(II) ▯ Space and location are basic to cognitive architecture ▯ Specification of shapes, objects, dimensions, relations (Jackendoff, 1996) ▯ Also location and path/trayedctory ○ E.g. The bin is near the door ○ E.g. The arrow flew past my head ▯ Usage of “frames of reference” MESOSPACE(III) ▯ (frequent) Usage of meronyms for object parts and spatial regions (e.g. in Zapotec) ▯ Tasks: ○ Ball & Chair ○ Object part-naming ○ Talking Animals ○ New Animals MESOSPACE(IV) ▯ Frame of reference is a conceptual coordinate system used to define orientation-dependent place functions (Jackendoff, 1983) ▯ Levinson (1996) distinguishes: ○ Intrinsic FoR, e.g. The ball is behind the chair ○ Relative FoR, e.g. The ball is in front of the chair ○ Absolute FoR, e.g. The ball is East of the chair MESOSPACE(V) ▯ Talking Animals (LINGUISTIC) task ▯ An array of animals is presented to the director ▯ He/she has to verbally explain it to the builder for reconstruction ▯ We analyze the FoR used by both in the task MESOSPACE(VI) ▯ New Animals (NON-LINGUISTIC) task ▯ An array of animals in front of the participant ▯ He or she rotates 90 degrees and reproduces configuration ▯ We analyze the recall of spatial arrays through the FoR displayed MESOSPACE(VII) ▯ One of the hypothesis: ○ Whether the recurrent use of meronyms has an impact on choice of FoR ▯ Prediction: Languages with extensive use of meronyms will tend to use intrinsic/absolutive FoR and disfavor relative FoR (true for Yucatec Maya) ▯ Other research questions: ○ What factors (e.g. language, geography, age, literacy level) will affect the choice of FoR significantly? MESOSPACE(IX) ▯ EXERCISE:
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.