Class Notes (839,094)
United States (325,776)
Psychology (312)
PSY 101 (146)
Lecture

Abnormal Psychology.docx

4 Pages
99 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 101
Professor
Professor Berg

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 4 pages of the document.
Description
Abnormal Psychology Psychological Disorders ­How does the study of psychology relate to health and emotional well­being? ­Psychopathological functioning involves disruptions in emotional, behavioral, or thought  processes that  • Lead to personal distress  • Inhibit ability to achieve important goals • Block ability to manage responsibilities   What is abnormal? ­Distress ­Maladaptiveness (keeping you from eating, drinking etc.) ­Irrationality or unpredictability  ­Unconventionality or statistical rarity  ­Observer discomfort ­Violation of moral and ideal standards ­Grief (when it leaks into other parts of your life for long periods of time) Classification of Disorders ­Practitioners look to classify and categorize observed behavior patterns into an approved  diagnostic system. ­Disorders are classified according to: • Observed symptom patterns • Circumstances surrounding disorder onset • Development of disorder over time • Expected treatment outcomes ­If observed behavior pattern is evidence of a particular disorder, then a psychological  diagnosis is made. Diagnosis ­How can practitioners ensure reliability? ­Observers need to agree on the disorder that they are observing ­Psychopathologists cannot look to x­rays, blood tests, or biopsies to inform a diagnostic  decision. ­Clinicians must work to create consistency and coherence in their evaluations (e.g.  precise descriptions of symptoms; detailed criteria for diagnosis) ­ A consistent and coherent diagnostic system should include:  • Common shorthand language • Understanding of causality • Treatment plan ­Some widely used systems: • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM­IV) • International Classification of Diseases. ­Practitioners are referring to the etiology of a disorder when they describe the causes,  related factors, and development.  ­An individual may experience more than one disorder at the same time; comorbidity  refers to the co­occurrence of these disorders. Developmental Disorders ­Early onset (usually detected at infancy) developmental disorders are characterized by  pervasive: • Learning deficits (mental retardation) • Communication difficulties (Asperger’s syndrome) ­Range from general pervasive learning complication to disorders of the motor skills­  many levels of function across the spectrum Anxiety Disorders ­In many ways, anxiety is a good thing for us; too much of it can be disabling • Having a healthy level of anxiety can promote self­awareness, hygiene, improved  reaction time, heightened sense of surroundings, etc. • However, too much or too little anxiety can deteriorate our ability to perform well  in a variety of contexts. ­Mental conditions classified as anxiety disorders are often marked by: • Excessive psychological arousal • Strong feelings of tension (physiological) • Intensive apprehension (absent of reason) ­Symptoms of various anxiety disorders may include: • Phobias of certain objects or social situations (e.g. preparing a speech) • Anxiety or worry for long periods of time without apparent danger (e.g.  generalized anxiety disorder) • Enduring ruminations about traumatic experiences (e.g. PTSD) • Obsessions and compulsions (e.g. OCD)  ­Anxiety disorders may also manifest in episodes of panic: • Recurring and unpredictable • Overwhelming anxiety, fear, or terror. •
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit