The Emergence of Alcohol
Addiction as a social Accomplishment
Alcoholics Anonymous—1935. Disease notion of addiction was established around this time.
Yale Center for Alcohol Studies
E.M. Jellinek (1 modern development of a disease concept of addiction) and the Phases of
Phase Theory of Alcohol Addiction (questionnaire to 2,000 middle class white males from AA)
1) prealcoholicrelief drinkingescape drinking
2)prodromal (warning phase)Blackouts, surreptitious drinking (drinking alone to avoid people knowing they
are drinking outside boundaries of norms), preoccupation with alcohol, avid drinking, guilt, covering up
3)Crucialloss of control, excuses, aggression, grandiosity(idea that you can control it), geographical
escapes (why is my life going in this wrong direction), job troubles
4)Chronicprolonged intoxication, binging, indefinable fears, tremors, vague religious desires, failed
Institutionalization within legal and medical professions declare alcoholism as a disease but have not
significantly treated alcoholism. It is usually the counselors.
Bureaucratization of Addiction—NIAAA
Theories of Addiction
GeneticIs addiction inherited?
Alcoholism runs in families
Adoption Studies: chi