4-1-14 Notes.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University at Buffalo
Undergraduate College
UGC 112
Donald Mc Guire

UGC 112 – McGuire Lecture st April 1 , 2014 Overview: • Industrial Revolution – It was no an instantaneous process, but rather took an extremely long time to make the transition. o Changes:  Tools to machines, from rural to urban, from scarcity to abundance  Weather-driven to clock-driven  Early deaths to Longer Lives o A sustained, self-reinforcing improvement in productivity through automation o Increased Productivity:  In 1740 England produced 17,000 tons of iron  By 1840 England produced 3,000,000 tons of iron per year o Railways – A huge new infrastructure is built in the nations of Europe  They allowed for much more efficient transfer of goods  Railroads become extremely important in all of European work  Markets are no longer local, as trains vastly increase the realm of trading o Standardizations:  Railroads must be standardized to allow for effective movement of goods  The new “Culture of the Assembly Line”, things become uniform, and things working together. McGuire uses the example of Orchestras following conductors o Development of Mechanical and Steam based powers  Enhancement of fuels (fossil fuels)  New industries – textile industries and increased efficiency of iron production o Effects  Input of capital increases dramatically  Amount of consumption increases  Input of labor decreases  European and United States production increased at an unbelievable rate, while taking away the production from China and India o Public Health  Infant mortality rates drops by a factor of 60 in many places.  Life spans increase • England - affected extremely quickly as it is relatively small, and well watered, allowing for advancements to take hold and spread
More Less

Related notes for UGC 112

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.