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Lecture 16

PSYC 1001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Realistic Conflict Theory, Ingroups And Outgroups, Social Proof

Course Code
PSYC 1001
Pamela Miller

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Social Psychology
Attitudes, predicting behavior, relationships and mating preferences, social organization,
stereotypes prejudice and discrimination, helping and aggressive behavior, conformity
compliance and obedience
Stereotypes: a belief that certain traits are associated with members of a certain group
(cognitive) not necessarily bad
Prejudice: a feeling or attitude toward members of a group based solely on group membership
Discrimination: the behavioral product of prejudice (behavioral-prejudice in action)
Realistic Conflict Theory
Competition over valued resources leads to hostility etc.
Predictions of RCT:
o More stereotyping of out-group
o Relations with out-group increasingly hostile
o More loyalty to in group
o Biased evaluation of in group’s perforae relatie to out-group
Robbers cave experiment
o Phase 1(1 week)- two groups in normal camp activities
o Phase 2-introduction of material conflict, introduce the two groups and have
o Results: there was stereotyping of the out-group, and loyalty to in-group, there was
hostility to in-group, overestimation of in-group’s perforae
o Phase 3: attempts to reduce hostility-non-competitive contact ( 7 times), superordinate
goals (water supply, stuck truck)
Helping Behavior
-why we help and wh e do’t
Social exchange Theory
o Cost/benefit analysis-evaluate what you will gain vs what you will lose
o Altruis as disguised self-iterest-people only do good deeds because they know they
will get rewards (social approval boost self-image reduce anxiety or stress), external
rewards/internal rewards
o Is there geuie altruis?-many people think know because just by helping someone
you feel better
Batso’s Model=iitial reatio to aother perso is either:
o Own distress which leads to egoistic motivation, which leads to either escape from
situation or you help them to reduce your own distress
o You feel empathy or compassion which leads to altruistic motivation which leads to you
help the other person
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