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Lecture 5

ANSC 101 Lecture 5: Lecture 5 for Exam 3
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2 Pages
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Department
Animal Science
Course Code
ANSC 101
Professor
Kasey Moyes

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Modern Animal Agriculture
High quality protein food for humans
Food readily available
o Relatively low cost to consumer
Food costs decreased to near 10% of budget
Health costs risen to near 20% of budget
o More discretionary funds/stimulates economy
Many fewer hours of labor/unit of food today
Converts forage from marginal land and many industry by-products into human food
But while modern animal agriculture has solved the initial problem of food availability, it
has also brought about concerns about the costs to the animals, i.e. welfare
Animal Welfare
A social and political movement with organizations and persons possessing a range of
motivations, ideologies, and agendas
The well-being of an individual animal
Welfare of Food Animals
Modern animal agriculture (terms)
o Factory farming
o Intensive confinement animal agriculture
o Industrial livestock production
o Concentrated animal feeding operations
Large scale operations
o Thousands of animals
o High technology & less labor
Mechanical, chemical, & biomedical
How many food animals are used each year in this country?
About 10 billion
o About 9 billion of which are birds
Animal Welfare
Having to do with the total life experiences of an animal
Inclusive of factors related to genes, production and reproduction, physiology, health,
nutrition, behavior, and mind
Mind as used herein is intended to be inclusive of subjective experiences including
feelings, perception, free will, sentience, consciousness, and soul (self concept)
Scientific definitions of animal welfare
Production
Health
Stress (absence)
Pain and suffering (absence)
Behavior (deviations from normal)
Strictly what the animal feels
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Description
Modern Animal Agriculture  High quality protein food for humans  Food readily available o Relatively low cost to consumer  Food costs decreased to near 10% of budget  Health costs risen to near 20% of budget o More discretionary funds/stimulates economy  Many fewer hours of labor/unit of food today  Converts forage from marginal land and many industry by-products into human food  But while modern animal agriculture has solved the initial problem of food availability, it has also brought about concerns about the costs to the animals, i.e. welfare Animal Welfare  A social and political movement with organizations and persons possessing a range of motivations, ideologies, and agendas  The well-being of an individual animal Welfare of Food Animals  Modern animal agriculture (terms) o Factory farming o Intensive confinement animal agriculture o Industrial livestock production o Concentrated animal feeding operations  Large scale operations o Thousands of animals o High technology & less labor  Mechanical, chemical, & b
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