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Class Notes for Atmospheric and Oceanic Science at University of Maryland

AOSC 431 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Tropopause, Stratopause, Krypton

Atmospheric Composition: Gas Molecular Weight Fractional Concentration By Volume Nitrogen ( ) 28.013 78.08 2 Oxygen ( 2 32.000 20.95 Argon (Ar) 39.95 .93 Water Vapor (20)** 18.02 05 Carbon Dioxide (2)** 44.01 380 ppm* Neon...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 431
Ning Zeng
AOSC 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Downburst, Electric Potential, Leading Edge
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Refresher The gulf stream transports heat from the tropics to northern Europe North atlantic deep water formation results from strong cooling and high salinity Antarctic bottom water formation occurs due to the surface wat...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Thermal Expansion, Carbon Cycle, Sea Level Rise
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Weather forecasting Methods of forecast Origin of the scientific vision Modern weather forecasting Weather forecasting tools Global climate models Warming of the planet (IPCC 2013) topics Why is it difficult to predict the...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture 15: Lecture 16
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Last class Air masses Polar is really cold air Maritime ocean or water Fronts Warm air moves up and over cold air warm front Occluded front Cold front overtakes warm front, warm is lifted up and creates strong weather Fron...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Snow Gauge, Rain Gauge
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Overview Measuring rainfall Conventional methods From space Air masses Source regions Classification Fronts Warm Cold Occluded Notes Measuring Precipitation Measurement accuracy is difficult to quantify for precipitation I...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture 14: Lecture 14_ Precipitation
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Quiz 2: march 27April 5 material Lecture 14: Precipitation Process, Cloud Formation Topics: Spontaneous or homogeneous freezing Heterogeneous nucleation Homogeneous of spontaneous nucleation formation of a pure water dropl...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Hadley Cell, Ocean Current, Atmospheric Circulation
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Midterm Review (031318) Topics to review Know the major characters at the atmospheric circulation, why they occur, and how they affect the transport of energy and material around the globe Ozone protects us from the suns h...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Fluid Parcel, Advection, Relative Humidity
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Last lecture Moisture in atmosphere Relative humidity Fog and its dispersion Radiation fog At night if you dont have clouds all the heat from the surface is escaping Advection fog Created when you have advection, ex: movem...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Water Vapor, Tropopause, Inert Gas
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Lecture 1: January 25, 2018 Class Overview Lectures: clicker and key concepts and facts Discussion: review of class material, inclass exercise (presession reading), exercise discussion in groups of five, summarize discus...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Advection, The Cooler, Radiative Cooling
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Lecture 11: Moisture in the Atmosphere Overview Absolute humidity Specific humidity Vapor pressure Saturation vapor pressure Wet bulb temperaturepsychomotors Relative humidity Circulation of water in the atmosphere Clouds ...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Emergency Position-Indicating Radiobeacon Station, Argon, Radiosonde

Lecture 2: January 30 About 50% of the globe is covered by clouds Overview The vertical structure of the atmosphere What is in the natural atmosphere Sources of energy responsible for our climate ...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Axial Tilt, Copernican Revolution, Jet Stream

Lecture 3: February 1, 2018 Pre-lecture notes Shelters protect from sun and openings provide ventilation. At 1.5m level, chance influences from the surface are small As evident, large changes in temper...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Hadley Cell, Intertropical Convergence Zone, Geostrophic Wind

Quiz: chapters 1,2,3,6 Review The geostrophic wind Wind that is the response between the PGF and the CF Forces that influence winds Coriolis force Apparent deflection due to rotation o...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Advection, Heat Capacity, Latent Heat
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Lecture 5 February 8th, 2018 Wind causes mixing of air. During strong winds, air will mix and vertical gradients of temperature will be smaller Daily, Monthly and Yearly Temperatures Diurnal Temperature Range Annual Temper...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
AOSC 200 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Kelvin, Celsius, Spectrophotometry
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Lecture 4 February 6th, 2018 Spectrophotometry uses photometers that can measure a light beams intensity as a function of its color (wavelength) known as spectrophotometers. Important f...

Atmospheric and Oceanic Science
AOSC 200
timothycanty
Laboratory Basics - Reference Guides

Lab safety is the cornerstone principle in this compelling Guide. All international safety symbols are clearly defined, with all basic lab glassware and equipment depicted by text description and diagrams. The Guide also p...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
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