CCJS 300 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: National Institute Of Justice, Policy Analysis, Impact Evaluation
SchoolUniversity of Maryland
DepartmentCriminology and Criminal Justice
Course CodeCCJS 300
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POLICY ANALYSIS & EVALUATION RESEARCH
-Policy analysis: study of whatever governments choose to do or not to do
-Identifying problems: demands for government action
-Formulating policy proposals: public discussion of societal problems
-Legitimating policies: support for enacting laws
-Implementing policies: organizing bureaucracies, providing for payments, taxes, etc.
-Evaluating policies: studying government programs, “outputs,” and “impacts”
-Policy analysis: the case of the NIJ
-The NIJ is a large, ambitious policy-oriented program, a model for other policy
-NIJ research branch of the US Department of Justice Mission: develop knowledge about
the causes and control of crime
-NIJ Research Priorities, pg. 250
-Evaluation research: applied branch of social science, guides policy, intention: help
guide public policy- social intervention
-Evaluation research includes policy experiments, applied field experiments address immediate
practical policy questions
-The general approach is a systems model of evaluation research: assumes all parts of an
organism, organization, or program, are interrelated project components
-Inputs: resources, guidelines, operating procedures
-Activities (processes): what is done with the project inputs
-Results: specific consequences of project activities
-Outcomes: general consequences of the specific results of the program
-Feedback: recycling of the results/outcomes into project operation & design
-Read through examples (i.e. foot patrol)
-Systems Model Example
-Input: grant of $100,000 for a foot patrol program
-Activity: two officers assigned for ‘Precinct A,’ 1 year
-Results: 50% increase in arrests in Precinct A
-Outcome: crime rate down 10%, ‘fear of crime’ down 40%
-Feedback: allocation of $1,000,000 & 20 officers (expanded foot patrol program)
-Types of evaluation research:
-Process evaluation: establishes causal relationships between project results and inputs &
-Impact evaluation: establishes causal relationships between project outcomes and inputs,
activities, & results
-Other information: gathering activities
-Assessment (needs assessment): who needs what & where?
-Monitoring: have plans for project been realized? Like an audit
-3 crucial questions before evaluation research
-Will the findings be used?
-Is the project ‘evaluable’?
-Who can do this work?
-Steps in Evaluation Research
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