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Lecture 17

EDHD 411 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Mental Model, Attachment Theory, Ethology

Education, Human Development
Course Code
EDHD 411
Lucas Butler

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Attachment: Bonding with People
Painting- there is a specific link between child and primary care giver
What is attachment?
- Human beings are fundamentally social creatures
o Worst possible punishment is isolation because it is psychologically horrible to
cut off all social interactions
o Development is socially
- Strong affectionate tie we feel for people in our lives that leads us to experience
pleasure and joy when we interact with them and to be comforted by their nearness in
times of stress
o Maintaining proximity to someonewant to be close to someone in our lives
need to latch onto someone
Some Background
- Infants being to show preferential behaviors toward the primary caregiver (smiling,
o Smiling a particulate early signal (around 6 weeks)
- They also seem more distressed when separated from the care giver- and you can see
this between 7 and 9 months
- Development of expectations
o When babies are crying and what comforts them
A lot of rig, ad hat orks for effetieess of other’s response
In the last quarter, the mom just being there or lightly touching
them helpsby 9 months it works and more of a mental
expectation that mom is there
A lot of the other things works just as good in third and 4th quarter
Why do infants form an attachment with the primary caregiver
- Behaviorist and psychoanalytic both emphasized importance of feeding
o Basic theory
The caregiver acquires positive value by being repeatedly paired with
foodfood is inherently positive and caregiver gives food, so then they
start to like them
The infant beings to seek the caregiver event when not hungry
o Feeding is not enough
Rene Spitzpsychoanalyst who had worked with Freud
Filmed infants residing in orphanages
These infants were properly fed and received good health care,
but there was little emphasis on emotional caregiving
Infants were generally physically and developmentally repeated
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