Class Notes (810,860)
United States (314,398)
History (143)
HIST 111 (24)

1 Imperial Christianity.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Maryland
HIST 111
Janna Bianchini

HIST111: The Medieval (MiddleAges) World 1/23/13 Middle/ Dark Ages (500AD- 1500) fall between Roman Empire and Italian Renaissance - Dark ages- little intellectual activity, ignorance, poverty Roman Empire built around Mediterranean Sea - Significant Jewish and Islamic presence, Pagan religions, unorthodox forms of Xtianity - Use primary sources (commentaries, religious texts, illuminated documents) 1/28/13 Imperial Christianity Why Roman Empire was successful - Mediterranean Sea- surrounds sea so had built in trade and communication system o Also had network of well paved Roman roads o Allowed news and imperial officials to travel, so business could be effectively carried out and supervised by central authorities (headquarters in Rome) o Centralized Power- system where gov carried out by centrally located authorities (but if c. power begins to break down so does empire) - Language- language of gov was Latin (Roman’s language) o Eastern provinces often spoke Greek, but everyone spoke Latin allowed uniform understanding when cultural diverse - Imperial Gov functioned ind o Impersonal Power- authority isn’t rooted in that of single person, (power doesn’t depend on individual, presidency changes every 4 years) o Personal Power- authority does depend on authority of single individual (Kim Jong Il died and didn’t know what was going to happen b/c all depended on him) RELIGION (yr 300) - Romans were Polytheist/ Paganist (someone who worships multiple god/goddesses) o Little trouble assimilating existing religions of those they conquered and adopted as their own o Romans only demanded was to recognize religious authority of Roman emperor b/c empire was head of Roman religion  Augustus Caesar (first Roman emperor) in role of high priest  Was emperor job to make sure gods were honored properly to allow prosperity - Kingdom of Judaea was site of major political unrest b/c of religious differences o Judaism is a monotheist religion (acknowledges only 1 god, is blasphemy to worship others) o Impossible to assimilate to Roman religion b/c contradiction o Strict dietary laws and circumcision practice, resented Roman rulers - Jesus executed on charges of treason by Romans b/c claimed to be king of the Jews Christianity developed religious infrastructure - Laity- ordinary faithful Christians - Clergy- people who have authority to administer Christian holy rights (priests) - Bishop- head of Christian community for particular city (one per city) o Chosen w/ approval of laity and clergy of cities, and of neighboring bishops o Bishops had conferences to settle doctrinal questions Christians refused to worship other gods - Considered roman gods to be demons - wouldn’t participate in many areas of Roman life- wouldn’t hold office, serve military, watch sports b/c included Pagan rituals - developed strong group identity and cohesion b/c set themselves apart o R
More Less

Related notes for HIST 111

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.