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15 Faith Seeking Understanding4.docx

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University of Maryland
HIST 111
Janna Bianchini

Faith Seeking Understanding 4/3/13 12 century Renaissance - revival of classical learning- increasing #s of text became available to Roman scholars (changed all intellectual endeavors) - Church has new roman bureaucracy from Gregorian Reform creates demand for talented people to run it (especially qualified bishops and men who can serve them) o Trained in law, administration, writing, etc. o Demand for better schools who train them (monasteries originally best, but now demand for education and secular career)  Schools operate in cathedrals w/in cities- open to all men (not just priests or monks)  Must be nun or secular noble women for women to be educated th - Early 12 Century- teachers become popular and people travel to study w/ them o School depends on individual teachers so not institutioned yet (well- known teachers make school a good school) - University- meant to work like craft guild for education (rules, standards for profession) o Curriculum build on 7 liberal arts: 2 most important  Rhetoric- art of speaking/ writing well, very essential  Dialectic- art of argumentation, how to construct one and make point, must study formal logic o Medieval classroom: Students couldn’t ask questions, start on BA when 14 and study for 8 years to earn it, go on to study higher majors gets MA  Graduate get piece of paper w/ signatures and seal as scroll, Translate arable and Greek into Latin for use in Western Europe - Trade: Southern Italy ruled by Norman Dukes, Constantinople, Iberia (multilingual) - Translate classical greek text - Aristotle- basis of medieval science, logic, philosophy (but didn’t survive intact, but most in Greek world) o Work preserved by Byzantines then Muslims, now to Latin for WEuropeans o Commentaries from Islamic world written by Arabs and Jews - Ibn Rushd- Iberian Muslim philosophers from Al Andalus and applied Aristotelian (Aristotle) logic to study of natural science (influenced Xtian scholars) - Moses ben Maimon (Maimonides)- Jewish and moved to N Africa from Al Andalus o Wrote reconciliation of Aristotelian philosophy w/ Jewish belief o Help Xtians reconcile Aristotle and Bible (Aristotle didn’t think world was created) WE first reference to code of law issued under Roman Emperors (Justinian) - Roman Law: all secular authority comes from Emperor: led to growth in study of law o Good for secular rulers as (HRE didn’t have good relationship w/ B
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