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Lecture 14

INST 352 Lecture 14: INST352 Lecture 14: Reviews of IB LiteratureExam


Department
Information Studies
Course Code
INST 352
Professor
Gigigan
Lecture
14

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INST352 Lecture 14: Reviews of IB Literature
Our survey suggests that, over the years, information needs and uses studies have
progressively broadened their research orientation and research focus … . Studies have
moved from an orientation that is primarily system-centered (in which information is
objective, resides in a document or system, and where the main issue is how to get at
this information) to an orientation that is also user-centered (in which information is
subjective, resides in the users’ minds, and is only useful when meaning has been
created by the user). (p. 39) Today, the IB research is shifting once again to embrace
interdisciplinarity and extend its theoretical reach. Julien et al. (2011) noted this trend in
their recent content analysis of the literature, while also highlighting the noticeable gap
between studies produced by researchers and those coming from practice:
With the publication of so many studies following World War II, a number of
comprehensive reviews soon followed: To ¨ rnudd (1959), Menzel (1960), Davis and
Bailey (1964), Auerbach (1965), Paisley (1965), North American Aviation (1966;
updating Auerbach), and DeWeese (1967; an update of Davis and Bailey). With few
exceptions (such as Paisley’s, 1965 chapter on studies in the behavioral sciences),
most of the reviews featured investigations of science and engineering personnel and
materials.
Stand-alone bibliographies of information needs and uses research declined in number
after 1966, when the new Annual Review of Information Science and Technology (
ARIST ) included reviews of this body of publications. For the next 45 years, ARIST
became the main vehicle by which interested scholars kept abreast of research on
information behavior. ARIST chapters on information needs and uses appeared in 1966
(Menzel, 1966b), 1967 (Herner & Herner, 1967), 1968 (Paisley, 1968), 1969 (Allen,
1969), 1970 (Lipetz, 1970), 1971 (Crane, 1971), 1972 (Lin & Garvey, 1972),
During the 1970s, a few independent reviews also appeared, including Wood (1971),
Waldhart and Waldhart (1975), and Ford (1977). These documents covered much of the
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