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Lecture 1

KNES 293 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: American League Central, Major League Baseball, Louis Sockalexis


Department
Kinesiology
Course Code
KNES 293
Professor
Michael Friedman
Lecture
1

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Louis Sockalexis:
- Louis Sockalexis was a Native American baseball player and was the first person to play
in the Major Leagues. He was controversial because he was so good, the Cleveland
named the team after him: The Cleveland Indians.
The Cleveland Indians are an American professional baseball team based in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Indians compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American
League (AL) Central division. Since 1994, they have played at Progressive Field. The
team's spring training facility is at Goodyear Ballpark in Goodyear, Arizona.[1] Since their
establishment as a major league franchise in 1901, the Indians have won two World
Series championships: in 1920 and 1948, along with nine Central Division titles and six American
League pennants. The Indians' current World Series championship drought is the longest active
drought.[2]
The name "Indians" originated from a request by club owner Charles Somers to baseball writers
to choose a new name to replace "Cleveland Naps" following the departure of Nap Lajoie after
the 1914 season. The name referenced the nickname "Indians" that was applied to
the Cleveland Spiders baseball club during the time when Louis Sockalexis, a Native American,
played in Cleveland.[3] Common nicknames for the Indians include the "Tribe" and the
"Wahoos", the latter being a reference to their logo, Chief Wahoo. Also, the team's mascot is
named "Slider."
The franchise originated in Grand Rapids, Michigan, in 1894 as the Grand Rapids Rustlers, a
minor league team that competed in the Western League. The team then relocated to
Cleveland in 1900 and changed its name to the Cleveland Lake Shores. The Western League
itself changed its name to the American League while continuing its minor league status. One of
the American League's eight charter franchises, the major league incarnation of the club was
founded in Cleveland in 1901. Originally called the Cleveland Bluebirds, the team played
in League Parkuntil moving permanently to Cleveland Stadium in 1946. At the end of the 2017
season, they had a regular season franchise record of 9,2938,897 (.511). On September 14,
2017, the Cleveland Indians won their 22nd straight game, which extended the new American
League record they set the previous game, while also becoming the longest winning streak with
no ties in Major League Baseball history.
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