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Lecture 1

LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Transformational Grammar, Human Nature

Course Code
LING 240
Margaret Antonisse

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LING240-Lecture One: Linguistics Overview
Dr. Peggy Antonisse- Senior lecturer
Anton Marcov-TA
What is Linguistics?
Linguistics is the study of human language as a cognitive science
Human nature
What is the nature of the human mind?
Nature vs. Nurture
Pre-wired vs. acquired
Is there some sort of balance?
Why do we have language?
1. It’s universal
2. Distinguishing feature that separates humans from other animals
Noam Chomsky-Syntactic Structures(1957)-introduced the idea of transformational generative
How are humans designed to process language?
Think of languages as the product of human brains
1. What is it that we know when we know a language?
2. How do children get language (nature vs nurture)
Nature of mental grammar
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