Class Notes (1,100,000)
US (490,000)
UMD (9,000)
LING (20)
Lecture 2

LING 240 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Scientific Method, Universal Grammar


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 240
Professor
Margaret Antonisse
Lecture
2

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Ling240-Lecture 2:Different types of Grammar
Recursion
Ability of a pattern/rule to re-apply an infinite number of times
Property of human language
Ability to produce and understand potentially unboundedly long sentences
Rule governed
What are possessives?
A word or grammatical structure used to indicate a relationship of possession
Ex: Pocketbook belonging to the girl
What is a Prepositional Phrase?
A modifying phrase consisting of a proposition and its object
We can combine possessives and prepositional phrases
Ex: The pocketbook belongs to the girl who lives next door
By using prepositional phrases, our sentences can be longer and more complex
Here are some more prepositions
1. About 7. Below
2. Above 8. Beneath
3. Across 9. Besides
4. After 10. Between
5. Against 11. Behind
6. Along 12. By
13. Concerning 14. Despite
Taking a few steps backwards...
What do we store in our mental grammar?
Units
Sounds
Words/Morphemes
That’s it!
Now we can use rules to combine those units in particular patterns
Sounds combine to form morphemes
Words combine to form sentences
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version