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Lecture 16

MIEH 400 Lecture 16: Human Trafficking

Maryland Institute for Applied Environmental Health
Course Code
MIEH 400

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MIEH400: Human Trafficking 4/26/17
1400-1600s: various forms of slavery/forced labor across nations
o Later became business of slave trade
1860s: USA/Civil War; post war Reconstruction Period
1904: International Agreement for Suppression of the White “lae Traffi
97: post WWI White “lae Traffi as haged to traffi i oe ad hildre y
league of nations.
o Began to formally track statistics
1932: Before/WWII: Japanese armed forces created system where women across Asia
forced into sexual slavery
1949: UN convention for Suppression of Traffic in Persons and Exploitation of Prostitution of
o Same year as document for human rights
o First legally binding international agreement on human trafficking
o Only 66 nations have ratified it as of 2017
1956: India initiated the Immoral traffic prevention act
o Includes third party convictions
1995: UN held major conference aimed to reduce violence against women/trafficking of
o Created programs to include education, medical, social, etc. needs of women
2002: Polaris project founded by 2 Brown University students.
o Leading non-profit with programs set up to advocate and track human trafficking
2011: President Obama declared January to be human trafficking awareness month
o Jan 11: National Human Trafficking day
Human trafficking takes many forms
o Men vs women
o Young vs old
o Race/ethnicity/religion
UN Nations Office of Drugs and Crime: defines trafficking in explicit terms
63,251 victims detected in 106 countries between 2012-2014
Current Issues
Trafficking driven by conflicts
o Refugees are easily targeted
o Presence of troops create demand for labor and sexual services
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