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PHIL 100 (56)
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Lecture 34

PHIL 100 Lecture 34: 34A
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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 100
Professor
danmoller

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Class # 27-29 Grammar / Style
!"#$$#"%&'#((%)*+,(%
Restrictive)and)Non/Restrictive)Adjective)Clauses)
%%
1. -.%!"#/0$#%12*%3(%45%'*6,(%123(7,.8
2. -.%!"#/0$#9%12*%3(%459%'*6,(%123(7,.8
%%
1. :2*1(%",#0,"%+2#+%1"3+,"%;*<'0%2#6,%$*",%+2#/%*/,%="#/0$#8%%>2,%*/,%12*%3(%45%
'*6,(%123(7,.8
2. :2*1(%",#0,"%+2#+%1"3+,"%*/'.%2#(%*/,%="#/0$#8%>23(%="#/0$#%3(%0,(;"3?,0%#(%?,3/=%
458
%%
@/*+2,"%,A#$B',8%
%%
1. >2,%B3#/3(+%12*%2#0%(',/0,"%C3/=,"(%1*/%+2,%;*/+,(+8
2. >2,%B3#/3(+9%12*%2#0%(',/0,"%C3/=,"(9%1*/%+2,%;*/+,(+8
%%
1. DC%.*<%1,",%'**73/=%#+%#%;"*10%*C%B3#/3(+(9%.*<%1*<'0%7/*1%C"*$%+23(%0,(;"3B+3*/%
+2#+%+2,%*/,%13+2%+2,%(',/0,"%C3/=,"(%1*/%+2,%;*/+,(+8%>23(%(,/+,/;,%(<==,(+(%+2#+%
+2,",%1,",%$#/.%B3#/3(+(9%?<+%3+%,$B2#(3E,(%123;2%*/,%1*/%+2,%;*/+,(+8%%D/%+23(%
;#(,9%+2,%*/,%13+2%+2,%(',/0,"%C3/=,"(%1*/%+2,%;*/+,(+8%
2. >2,%;*$$#(%#''*1%+2,%1"3+,"%+*%C<"+2,"%0,(;"3?,%+2,%B3#/3(+8%%F<"B*(,%3(%+*%0,(;"3?,%
+23(%*/,%B3#/3(+8%%G*;<(%*C%+2,%(,/+,/;,%3(%*/%+23(%*/,%B3#/3(+8
%%
@/*+2,"%,A#$B',8%
%%
1. F3+;2,"(%12*%#",%(<B,"(+3+3*<(%<(,%'<;7.%;2#"$(8
2. F3+;2,"(9%12*%#",%(<B,"(+3+3*<(9%<(,%'<;7.%;2#"$(8
%%
1. >23(%(,/+,/;,%(<==,(+(%+2#+%*/'.%(<B,"(+3+3*<(%B3+;2,"(%<(,%'<;7.%;2#"$(8%%)*+%#''%
B3+;2,"(8%%H<(+%+2,%(<B,"(+3+3*<(%*/,(8%
2. I/%+2,%*+2,"%2#/09%+2,%J/0%(,/+,/;,%(<==,(+(%+2#+%(<B,"(+3+3*<(%3(%#%0,(;"3B+3*/%C*"%
#''%B3+;2,"(%3/%=,/,"#'9%#/0%+2#+%+2,.%#''%<(,%'<;7.%;2#"$(8%>2,",C*",9%+23(%(,/+,/;,%
(#.(%+2#+%#''%B3+;2,"(%#",%(<B,"(+3+3*<(8%
%%
)Punctuation,)Mechanics,)Sentence)Structure,)Clarity)
))
K8%L,%#'(*%'*6,(%B#(+#9%$*</+#3/%;'3$?3/=9%#/0%?,;#<(,%2,%3(%#/%*'0MC#(23*/,0%(</M
1*"(23BB,"8%
K8%F"*?',$N%O#;7(%B#"#'','3($8%
:*'<+3*/N%He)also)loves)pasta,)mountain)climbing,)and)old/fashioned)sun/worshipping.)
%%
J8%J4%B,*B',%1*/%#/%#1#"08%
J8%F"*?',$N%&#/P+%(+#"+%*CC%#%(,/+,/;,%13+2%#%/<$?,"8%%),,0%+*%(B,''%3+%*<+8%
%%%%%%%%%%%:*'<+3*/N%Twenty/nine)people)won)an)award.)
%%
Q8%R%*C%+2,%;*$B#/.%1#(%'#30%*CC8%
Q8%F"*?',$N%:#$,%"<',%#(%$,/+3*/,0%#?*6,8%&#/P+%(+#"+%*CC%#%(,/+,/;,%13+2%#%/<$?,"8%
%%%%%%%%%%%:*'<+3*/N%One/third)of)the)company)was)laid)off.)

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Description
Class 2729 Grammar Style Grammar Class Notes Restrictive and NonRestrictive Adjective Clauses 1. My Grandma who is 90 loves whiskey. 2. My Grandma, who is 90, loves whiskey. 1. Shows reader that writer could have more than one grandma. The one who is 90 loves whiskey. 2. Shows reader that writer only has one grandma. This grandma is described as being 90. Another example. 1. The pianist who had slender fingers won the contest. 2. The pianist, who had slender fingers, won the contest. 1. If you were looking at a crowd of pianists, you would know from this description that the one with the slender fingers won the contest. This sentence suggests that there were many pianists, but it emphasizes which one won the contest. In this case, the one with the slender fi ngers won the contest. 2. The commas allow the writer to further describe the pianist. Purpose is to describe this one pianist. Focus of the sentence is on this one pianist. Another example. 1. Pitchers who are superstitious use lucky charms. 2. Pitchers, who are superstitious, use lucky charms. 1. This sentence suggests that only superstitious pitchers use lucky charms. Not all pitchers. Just the superstitious ones. 2. On the other hand, the 2nd sentence suggests that superstitious is a description for all pitchers in general, and that they all use lucky charms. Therefore, this sentence says that all pitchers are superstitious. Punctuation, Mechanics, Sentence Structure, Clarity 1. He also loves pasta, mountain climbing, and because he is an old fashioned sun worshipper. 1. Problem: Lacks parallelism. Solution: He also loves pasta, mountain climbing, and old fashioned sunworshipping. 2. 29 people won an award. 2. Problem: Cant start off a sentence with a number. Need to spell it out. Solution: Twentynine people won an award. 3. of the company was laid off. 3. Problem: Same rule as mentioned above. Cant start off a sentence with a number. Solution: Onethird of the company was laid off.
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