Class Notes (838,386)
United States (325,381)
Psychology (466)
PSYC 353 (38)
Richard Yi (15)

Chapter 8- Schizophrenia and Other Related Illnesses.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 353
Richard Yi

Chapter 8: Schizophrenia and Other Related illnesses Serotonin- feelings of well- being or happiness Dopamine- feelings of reward driven learning Psychosis- gross impairment in reality testing - Incorrect evaluation of the accuracy of perceptions/ thoughts, sense of what’s going on in the real world is altered o In face of contrary evidence, falsely interpret things - Symptoms of psychosis chronic in depression, dementia, etc (not just schizophrenia) 4 Positive Symptoms of Schizophrenia (excess or distortion of normal functions) Hallucinations: sensory experiences that should not be happening - Auditory (most common)- hear things aren’t there o Hear voices/ noises, running commentary on what’s going on in the world - Visual - Olfactory- smell - Gustatory- taste - Tactile- feel Delusions: problems with the content in THOUGHT - Bizarre Delusions- clearly implausible in one’s culture o Express a loss of control over one’s mind or body  Thought insertion- thoughts are being put into your head  Thought withdrawal- thoughts are taken away by outside force  Thought broadcasting- your own thoughts broadcasted to world  Delusions of control- body/ actions being acted on by outside force o Ex. Alien abducted you and was probed - Non- Bizarre Delusions- possible, but unlikely and not reality o Delusion of…  Grandeur- believe have great, unrecognized talent others can’t see (a prophet)  Jealousy- despite any evidence to contrary, believe someone cheating on you  Persecution- you are being conspired against, being spied upon, followed, harassing you  Somatic- misperceptions of body, believe smell bad, parts of body infested by insects, parts are misshapen  Erotomanic- being loved by someone else, by a celebrity  Reference- comments or gestures, passages from books are referring to you o Ex. Believe group of individuals that hate you and goal is to make life miserable Disorganized Speech - “Formal Thought Disorder”- indicates dysfunction in thought o Incoherence (word salad)- frequent derailment, sentences not connected and abnormal sentence structure (adj, verb, noun) o Neologisms- made up words o Loose Associations- derailment and can’t stay on topic, goes off on tangents, occurs abruptly Disorganized Behavior - Grossly Disorganized: problems in goal- directed behavior - Exhibit child- like behaviors, get extremely agitated, hygienic behavior, difficulty making meals (spaghetti) - Catatonia- lack of responsiveness to environment o Stupor- complete unawareness of environment  on crowded metro swing arms around b/c not responsive to environment o Rigidity- maintains rigid posture and resists attempts to be moved o Negativism- active resistance to instruction and attempts to be moved (physically, or w/ words) o Posturing- bizarre postures o Excitement- excessive motor activity Negative Symptoms- diminishment or absence of characteristic/ normal functioning - Affective flattening- near absence of emotional response to environment o Not emotionally responsive to happy stimuli - Alogia- poverty of speech or in content of speech o Speaks very little or not at all, engage in repetitive speech - Avolition- can’t initiate or persist in any goal orientated actions, o lack of volition in behaviors (A= absence of) Schizophrenia Considerations - Cognitive Symptoms: deficient in basic cognitive processes, including attention and memory o Deficit in working memory- can’t take pieces of info and manipulate them - No one symptom is pathognomic- every symptom can be observed in at least 1 other disorder - Symptoms change over time - Cultural considerations o Ex. If feeling like ants all over body is accepted in culture, then won’t be considered symptom b/c is common factor Schizophrenia Subtypes - Paranoid- delusions or frequent hallucinations (usually auditory, of grandeur and prosecution) o No speech or affect problems o Usually very little cognitive impairment on testing o Best prognosis of all subtypes, really characterizes schizophrenia and is most isolated - Disorganized- disorganized speech or behavior o Flat or grossly inappropriate affect, act silly inconsistent with situation o Impairment on cognitive tests o Usually earlier onset, few remissions in course (insidious and continue) - Catatonic- psycho- motor disturbances o Motoric immobility- physically be “waxy” and won’t move on their own but if move them then will leave where left body part  extreme negativism- active resistance to movement, rigid posture, mute (malnourished because won’t eat) o Excessive motor activity- moving too much and not affected by external stimuli (ex. Head banging, and will cause exhaustion) o Stereotyped movements- individual has peculiarity with movement and is the same every time  Move in and out of posture in specific ways, prominent posture, o Echolalia- repetition
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 353

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.