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PSYC 353 (38)
Richard Yi (15)

Chapter 3- Assessing and Diagnosing Abnormality.docx

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PSYC 353
Richard Yi

Chapter 3: Assessing and Diagnosing Abnormality Assessment: process of gathering information about people’s symptoms and the possible causes of these symptoms - Use assessment to determine diagnosis Diagnosis: a label for a set of symptoms that often occur together, just identify set of symptoms Considerations in Assessment Tools - Validity: Accuracy, does it measure what it’s supposed to measure - Reliability: consistency - Standardization: promotes consistency (wear same thing every time step on scale, doesn’t mar weight) Validity Types - Face- measures what it seems like it’s supposed to measure o Being tested on psychopathology on psych exam - Content- assesses all important aspect of phenomenon o Exam on depression should incorporate all aspects of depression: mood, appetite, activity - Concurrent- yields the same results as other measures of same behavior, thoughts or feelings o His assessment of depression yields same result of established assessment - Predictive- predict behavior it is supposed to measure - Construct- measures what’s supposed to and not something else Types of Reliability - Test- Retest- test produces similar results when given at two points in time - Alternate Form- two versions of same test produce similar results - Internal- different parts of same test produce similar results - Interrater/ Interjudge- two+ raters/judges administer a test to an individual and score come similar to conclusions Clinical Interview - Intake Interview (mental status exam) o Appearance, behavior, thought processes, mood and affect, intellectual functioning, orientation (know person, place, time- who/ where they are etc) - Structured Interview- standard series of questions are asked o Process is same, so information received will be similar and easier to compare Symptom Questionnaires - Depression- Beck Depression Inventory, Clinical Assessment of Depression (CAD) - Alcohol Use- Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST) Personality Inventories - Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) most widely used - Myerson- Briggs Test Inventory (MBTI) Behavior Observations - Done particularly on children, engage them in some sort of behavior and observe/ assess Self- Monitoring - Make them write down, when did something, circumstances behind it and how it made them feel - Honesty is necessary Intelligence Tests - Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - Stanford- Binet Intelligence Test - Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Ammons Quick Test CRITICISMS- no precise definition of intelligence, many diff answers - Could be biased towards culture and SES of test developers o Cultures w/ written vs oral histories (certain types of writing signs of intelligence, but cultures w/ oral history might have better memory) o Top down or bottom up mental rotation (look at picture and rotate it in your mind, read map up down/ down up) o “Bow, stern, port, starboard” (fact that people might not know these words affec
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