Class Notes (839,315)
United States (325,922)
Psychology (468)
PSYC 353 (38)
Richard Yi (15)

Chapter 9- Personality Disorders.docx

3 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 353
Richard Yi

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Chapter 9: Personality Disorders Personality- typical ways of acting, thinking, believing and feeling - Personality traits are complex pattern of behavior, thought and feeling - Five- Factor Model- OCEAN - Personality Disoders - Coded on Axis II of DSM - Problems in two or more areas: cognitions, affectivity, interpersonal functioning, impulse control - (first cluster) Cluster A: odd or eccentric disorders Paranoid - interprets others actions as demeaning or threatening - Results in: o Expectation of being harmed o Pathological jealousy o Hypervigilance o Restricted affect o No sense of humor Associated Features: unlikely to come in for treatment b/c suspicious of it, - .7- 5.1% of population, more common in men - comorbidity (can be outside of cluster), genetic etiology (prevalence in families that have disorder) Schizoid - indifference to social relationships, emotionally cold - Not likely to come in for treatment - .8- 1.7% of population, slightly more in men - Comorbidity, genetic etiology - Looks like prodromal (isolate themselves before schizo) and residual phases of schizophrenia - Treat through training and modeling interpersonal relationship Schiotypal- peculiarities of cognition (paranoia, suspicious, ideas of reference, illusions, odd beliefs like clairvoyance or telepathy) - Vague speech, odd expressions, distracted/ fixated, may appear unkempt - .6- 1.1% of population, slightly more common in men - Comorbidity, genetic etiology - Stable course, small group go on to develop Schizo or other psychotic disorders - Cognitive deficits Cluster B: dramatic, emotional, erratic Antisocial- adult version of conduct disorder (in children) - [[Poor impulse control]], inability to form positive relationships, violate social norms, irresponsible, deceitful, violent, lack remorse, indifferent to suffering of others - 3-5% of population, higher in men - High percentage of convicted felons - Overlap w/ other cluster B disorders - High sensation seeking, low inhibition of behavior - Comorbid substance abuse/ dependence Etiology- strong genetic component, physiological differences (low arousal, muted response), social environment (engage in actions like crime to get arousal b/c lack thereof is uncomfortable), emotional deficiency (no empathy) - Treatment: help client control anger, Borderline Personality Disorder - Instability in self- image/ identity, Interpersonal relationships (idealize someone but then resent them later), unstable mood, fear of abandonment (ambiguous stimuli) - Impulsivity- Self- injury, suicide Epidemiology: prevalence up to 4%, higher in women - 30- 60% of Personality Disorder diagnoses, comorbid mood disorder, genetics Etiology: - Biosocial Theory- dysfunction of emotional regulation o Emotional vulnerability, invalidation, family characteristics o experience becomes stronger if invalidated (if parents say you
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.