III.SEXISM AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS 10/01/2012
Sex VS Gender
Sex: biological differences between males and females.
Gender: Social and cultural meanings attached to femininity and masculinity.
How is gender socially constructed?
Social construction of gender
People construct the meaning of it.
Traits and behaviors thought to be masculine and feminine that change over time and place.
Traits are assigned based on sex and create unequal social arrangements that are legitimated through
The way we create differences between females and males that are not biological but are used to reinforce
Expectations regarding the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of females and males.
SEX IS BIOLOGICAL. GENDER IS LEARNED.
Interrupting how we “do gender”
What gender is “supposed to” wear this outfit?
Why might it be more “acceptable” for women to dress as men than vice versa?
TAKE AWAY POINTS:
Gender is a social construction
We attach social and cultural meanings to biological differences between females and males that create
inequality between women and men.
We participate in gendered social arrangements by “doing gender”.
SEXISM & PATRIARCHY
SEXISM: A system of power that privileges males over females
PATRIARCHY: Forms of social organization in which men are dominant over women. 3 characteristics of patriarchy
Positions of authority are generally reserved for men.
Cultural ideas about what is good or normal are associated with men and masculinity
The focus of attention is primarily on men and the male experience represents the human experience.
MaleCentered Oscar Films