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Lecture

3. SEXISM AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS

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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCY 105
Professor
all

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III.SEXISM AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS 10/01/2012 Sex VS Gender Sex: biological differences between males and females. Physical structure  Gender: Social and cultural meanings attached to femininity and masculinity. How is gender socially constructed? Social construction of gender People construct the meaning of it. Traits and behaviors thought to be masculine and feminine that change over time and place. Traits are assigned based on sex and create unequal  social arrangements that are legitimated through  social institutions. Doing Gender The way we create differences between females and males that are not biological but are used to reinforce  biological explanations. Gender Roles Expectations regarding the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of females and males.  SEX IS BIOLOGICAL. GENDER IS LEARNED.  Interrupting how we “do gender” What gender is “supposed to” wear this outfit? Why might it be more “acceptable” for women to dress as men than vice versa? TAKE AWAY POINTS: Gender is a social construction We attach social and cultural meanings to biological differences between females and males that create  inequality between women and men. We participate in gendered social arrangements by “doing gender”. 10­3­2012 SEXISM & PATRIARCHY SEXISM: A system of power that privileges males over females PATRIARCHY: Forms of social organization in which men are dominant over women. 3 characteristics of patriarchy Male­Dominated Positions of authority are generally reserved for men. Male­Identified Cultural ideas about what is good or normal are associated with men and masculinity Male­Centered The focus of attention is primarily on men and the male experience represents the human experience. Male­Centered Oscar Films Misunderstanding Patriarchy Groups V
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