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Types of Human Society Notes

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University of Maryland
SOCY 200

______________________________________________________________ 1 THE SOCHE BUFF'S GAZETTE Professors Noh et al. 2¢ TYPES OF HUMAN SOCIETY Hunting and Gathering Era 1 Hunting and Gathering Society • Approximate date of first appearance – Around 100,000 B.C.E. • Average population size – About 40 people per area. They were mostly small but some areas consisted of a larger population. • Defining technology - Hunting bow, arrow spear nd 2 Fishing Society – 2 rarest society • Approximate date of first appearance – 9,000 B.C.E. • Average population size – 90 people • Defining technology – Fishing: spears, fishhooks, nets, traps, boats, paddles.  Specialized to biophysical environment.  More sedentary, complex, and unequal than Hunting & Gathering,  Succumb to maritime societies. Horticultural Era 3 Simple Horticultural Society • Approximate date of first appearance – 8,000 B.C.E. • Average population size – 1500 people • Defining technology – Plant cultivation with digging sticks, hoes. 4 Herding Society • Approximate date of first appearance – 6,000 B.C.E. • Average population size – 5750. Separated into about 75 different communities. • Defining technology – Herding domesticated animals.  With camels or horses, lots of war.  Hereditary slavery.  Very patriarchal [email protected] 10/31/2013  Work and war are male activities 5 Advanced Horticultural Society • Approximate date of first appearance – 4,000 B.C.E. • Average population size - 5250 • Defining technology – Plant cultivation soft metal hoes; metallurgy I'd Rather Be Studying_______________ [email protected] 10/31/2013 ___________________________________________________________________ Agrarian Era 6 Simple Agrarian Socie
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